From bugs to "Black Panther:" A writer shares her story

How writers write — how they began, where they find inspiration, how they create characters — is fascinating.


For Nnedi Okorafor, a science fiction and fantasy author, the compulsion to write came at the age of 19 in a hospital bed. Paralyzed from the waist down after an adverse reaction to surgery, bedridden for months, she began writing.


“The only way I was able to keep my sanity was to write little stories to myself,” she says.


What started in a hospital bed as a way to imagine other worlds has become a career, as Okorafor is now the author of comics based on the Black Panther movie, has written a spinoff graphic novel, Wakanda Forever — as well as nearly a dozen other books — and has captured a Hugo and Nebula award, the most prestigious prizes in science fiction literature.


Okorafor shared her story last week in an appearance at the downtown public library. In an intimate reception before her talk, she described her unlikely path to becoming a sought-after science fiction writer.


She was born in Cincinnati, but her family moved to the Chicago region two months later. Her parents were from Nigeria and her frequent trips to the West African country stuck in her imagination and generated ideas she would use in her books.


But while growing up in South Holland, Ill., writing was not among her dreams. Bugs were her thing. She wanted to be an entomologist. Born with scoliosis, an abnormal curvature of the spine, she underwent surgery, suffered a rare reaction to the procedure, and was temporarily paralyzed.


So began her practice of writing. And she wrote a lot.


She wrote five novels, not caring whether they were ever published or whether anyone would ever read them.


“I didn’t realize it at the time, but what I was doing was practicing,” she says.


The sensation slowly returned to her legs, but instead of working with bugs, she caught the writing bug and changed her college major from pre-med to creative writing, much to her parents’ horror.


She found her way to science fiction through her frequent experiences visiting her relatives in Nigeria.


“I learned very early that the world was a big place,” she says.


Her first stories were influenced by Ibo tribal traditions and folklore. Later, Nigerian culture and technology — and how they might evolve in the future — exerted a deep influence on her work.


“That’s what led me to start writing science fiction,” she says.


She wrote several books for young adults and her first adult novel, Who Fears Death, was nominated for a Nebula award and earned the attention of HBO.


“One day randomly, HBO sent an email to me,” she says. “It was quite surreal.”


George R.R. Martin, the creator of Game of Thrones, whom she met at a writers’ conference, is also working on the HBO project.


Her trilogy, Binti, won both a Hugo and a Nebula.


Marvel comics hired her to write Black Panther comic books based on the blockbuster movie. She wrote a Black Panther spinoff novel Wakanda Forever, and is currently working on another spinoff called Shuri.


“The world exploded,” she says of imaginative fiction. “I haven't stopped writing since. When you find that thing that you love, there’s nothing that can turn you away from it.”

Read more articles by David Holthaus.

David Holthaus is an award-winning journalist, Cincinnati native and father of three. When not writing or editing, he's likely to be bicycling, hiking, reading or watching classic movies.
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